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王毅在2020年國際形勢與中國外交研討會上的演講(節選下)
時 間:2020-12-14 16:16:00  瀏覽次數:1   杭州中譯翻譯有限公司

第二,堅持擴大對外開放和互利合作。

Second, we have further expanded opening-up and mutually beneficial cooperation.


  一年來,受疫情沖擊,全球經濟陷入二戰以來最嚴重衰退,中國作為世界第二大經濟體,全面深化改革開放,積極推進互利合作,為世界經濟復蘇注入動力,提供信心。

Over the past year, the global economy has faced the deepest recession since World War II precipitated by the pandemic. As the world's second largest economy, China has deepened reform and opening-up across the board and actively pursued mutually beneficial cooperation to provide impetus and confidence for the global recovery.


  中國的改革開放全面提速,實施新版外商投資法及其實施條例,全國外商投資準入負面清單進一步減至33項,自貿試驗區外商投資準入負面清單減至30項,出臺海南自由貿易港建設總體方案,推出深圳和浦東改革開放系列舉措,深化服務貿易創新發展試點,對外開放合作的大門越開越大。我們提出構建以國內大循環為主體、國內國際雙循環相互促進的新發展格局。通過大力擴充國內市場需求,在更廣領域、更深層次上聯通國內和國際兩個循環,這將為世界提供更多市場機遇,為各國創造更多合作空間,為互利共贏開放戰略增添更多豐富內涵,加快建設中國更高水平的開放型經濟新體制。

China has accelerated reform and opening-up endeavors across the board. The Foreign Investment Law and its implementation regulations came into effect. The items on the national negative list for foreign investment have been further cut to 33, and down to 30 for the pilot free trade zones. A master plan has been drawn up for the development of the Hainan Free Trade Port. Measures for further reform and opening-up in Shenzhen and Pudong have been rolled out. And more pilot programs have been conducted for creative promotion of trade in services. With these steps, China has opened its door even wider to the world.

We have set out to foster a new development paradigm with domestic circulation as the mainstay and domestic and international circulations reinforcing each other. Our purpose is to vigorously expand domestic demand and form deeper and broader connections between domestic and international circulations. This will provide greater market opportunities for the world and broader space for international cooperation. This will also open up new dimensions in China's win-win strategy of opening-up and speed up the process toward a new, higher-standard open economy in China.


  中國同各國的互利合作逆勢前行。今年前三季度國內經濟由負轉正,貨物進出口總值呈現增長,實際利用外資增勢明顯,全年有望在主要經濟體中率先實現經濟的正增長,這一成就來之不易,也為全球經濟復蘇提供了重要支撐。疫情之下,“一帶一路”合作尤其展現出強勁韌性和旺盛活力。今年前8個月,中國與“一帶一路”合作伙伴貿易額5.86萬億元,中國企業在“一帶一路”合作伙伴非金融類直接投資同比增長30%以上。截至11月初,中歐班列開行突破一萬列,運送集裝箱數量同比增長50%以上,成為助力沿線各國攜手抗疫的“鋼鐵駝隊”。“一帶一路”國際合作高級別視頻會議成果豐碩,各方一致同意共建“健康絲綢之路”,形成了高質量共建“一帶一路”的良好勢頭。我們還成功舉辦第三屆中國國際進口博覽會,來自150多個國家和地區的3600多家企業參展,與世界共享中國經濟復蘇和擴大開放的紅利,以實際行動展現中國市場是世界的市場、共享的市場、大家的市場。

Despite the challenges, China's mutually beneficial cooperation with other countries has continued to move forward. In the first three quarters this year, China's economy resumed positive growth, with an uptick in total trade in goods and notable increase in paid-in foreign investment. China is expected to become the first major economy to register positive growth this year. This is a hard-won achievement that will provide an important underpinning for global recovery.

The Belt and Road cooperation has shown strong resilience and vitality under COVID-19. In the first eight months this year, China's trade with Belt and Road partners reached RMB5.86 trillion yuan, and Chinese companies made 30 percent more non-financial direct investment in Belt and Road partner countries year-on-year. As of early November, the China-Europe Railway Express had completed more than 10,000 services and transported at least 50 percent more freight than last year. The Express has been compared to a steel camel fleet that vigorously supported joint COVID responses by countries along its routes. The High-level Video Conference on Belt and Road International Cooperation yielded productive outcomes. Participants agreed to work toward a Health Silk Road, adding another building block toward high-quality Belt and Road cooperation. We have successfully held the third China International Import Expo attended by over 3,600 companies from more than 150 countries and regions. By holding the Expo, China has shared with the world the benefits and opportunities generated by its economic recovery and opening-up, and shown itself to be a market for the world, shared by all and accessible to all.


  第三,為國際局勢穩定提供有力支撐。

Third, we have provided strong support for global stability.


  一年來,我們積極運籌同主要大國關系,不斷推動構建總體穩定、均衡發展的大國關系框架。

Over the past year, China has made active efforts to develop its relations with other major countries and foster a framework of major-country relations featuring overall stability and well-balanced development.


  習近平主席同俄羅斯總統普京4次通話,引領中俄新時代全面戰略協作伙伴關系持續提升。兩國相互提供抗疫物資、醫療援助,共同推進國際抗疫合作。雙邊務實合作不斷深化,大項目建設穩中有進,科技創新年正式啟動。兩國攜手捍衛二戰勝利成果和國際公平正義,在反干涉、反污名化斗爭中堅定相互支持,成為維護全球戰略格局穩定的重要力量。

President Xi Jinping has had four phone calls with Russian President Vladimir Putin this year, providing guidance for the continued growth of China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era. The two countries provided each other with anti-epidemic supplies and medical assistance, and jointly promoted international cooperation against COVID-19. Practical cooperation between the two sides has continued to deepen. Steady progress was made in several major projects. The Year of Scientific and Technological Innovation was officially launched. The two sides have worked in concert to defend the victorious outcomes of World War II and uphold international fairness and justice and firmly supported each other against foreign interference and stigmatization, acting as important players in safeguarding global strategic stability.


  中國和歐盟迎來建交45周年。中歐領導人一致同意加強協調合作,深化戰略互信,堅定維護多邊主義,共同應對全球性挑戰。今年前三季度,中國首次成為歐盟最大貿易伙伴。雙方簽署中歐地理標志協定,顯示了中歐共同保護知識產權的決心。中歐決定在環境氣候和數字領域新建兩個高層對話機制,共同打造中歐綠色合作、數字合作伙伴關系,為中歐全面戰略伙伴關系增添了新的內涵。中歐投資協定談判也已進入最后階段,雙方正朝著年內完成談判的目標作出努力。

This year marks the 45th anniversary of the diplomatic ties between China and the EU. Chinese and EU leaders have agreed to strengthen coordination and cooperation, deepen strategic mutual trust, firmly uphold multilateralism, and jointly meet global challenges. In the first three quarters, China became EU's largest trading partner for the first time. The two sides signed the agreement on geographical indications, a demonstration of their shared commitment to intellectual property protection. The two sides decided to establish two new high-level dialogue mechanisms, one on environment and climate and the other on digital cooperation, and build partnerships for green and digital cooperation. Closer partnership between the two sides in these areas will add new dimensions to the China-EU comprehensive strategic partnership. Negotiations toward a China-EU investment treaty has entered the final phase, with both sides working to conclude the negotiations by the end of this year.


  今年的中美關系經歷建交四十多年來最嚴峻局面。在世界最需要團結協作的時候,美方卻在單邊主義的道路上越走越遠,成為當今國際體系的最大破壞性因素。美國國內的反華勢力,出于一己私利和政治偏見,對中國進行不擇手段的造謠抹黑,毫無理智的打壓制裁,甚至挑動意識形態對立,企圖把世界推入“新冷戰”的深淵。美方這些人的倒行逆施該收場了!如果繼續執迷不悟,不僅將損毀美國自身的信譽,危及世界的和平穩定,也終將被世人和歷史所唾棄。中美關系呈現的復雜性已經超越了雙邊范疇,成為多邊與單邊、進步與倒退、公道與強權之間的較量與抉擇。中國捍衛的不僅是自身的合法權益,更是各國的共同和長遠利益;中方維護的不僅是規范中美交往的政治基礎,更是各方都應遵守的國際關系準則;中方追求的不僅是本國的正當主張,更是為了伸張國際公平正義。

This year has witnessed the most challenging situation facing China-US relations since the establishment of diplomatic ties over four decades ago. As the world needed solidarity and cooperation the most, the United States headed down the path of unilateralism, which has become the most disruptive factor in the international system. Out of their self-interests and political bias, some people in the United States have sought to smear and suppress China, impose unjustified sanctions, and even stoke ideological confrontation in an attempt to plunge the world into a new Cold War.

These unpopular moves should stop now. Otherwise, they will damage US credibility, jeopardize world peace and stability, and will ultimately be rejected by people of the world and by history. The China-US relationship is showing a complexity that goes far beyond the bilateral scope; it has in fact become a matter of going for multilateralism or unilateralism, progress or retrogression, and justice or hegemony. What China defends is not only its own legitimate rights and interests, but also the common and long-term interests of all countries. What China safeguards is not only the political foundation underpinning China-US interactions, but also the basic norms governing international relations applicable to all countries. What China advocates is not only its own legitimate propositions, but also fairness and justice of the world.




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